Frayer Model Vocabulary Strategy

The Frayer model is a tool for learning vocabulary in a science classroom (Blachowicz & Fisher, 2006).  The Frayer model, designed by Dorothy Frayer and her colleagues at the University of Wisconsin, is a seven step procedure for understanding new words.  Blachowicz and Fisher (2006) suggest using the method for important concepts that may be otherwise difficult to grasp, as the process is a bit time consuming for general vocabulary understanding.  However, use of this strategy will help the student develop a deep understanding of the concept by knowing the definition and recognizing examples and non examples of the concept.

Strategy Steps-(Blachowicz & Fisher, 2006, p.90) Example:Biome
1.  Define new concept and its attributes. 1.  A biome is a major ecological community type.
2.  Differentiate between relevant and irrelevant properties of concept. 2.  The year that biomes were first named is irrelevant. 
3.  Provide an example of the concept. 3.  A tropical rainforest is a biome.
4.  Provide a non-example of the concept. 4.  A house is not a biome.
5.  Relate the topic to information within the concept. 5.  The six major types of biomes are freshwater, marine, desert, forest, grassland, and tundra.
6.  Relate how the concept fits in greater concepts. 6.  Biomes are part of the world ecology.
7.  Relate concept to a similar term. 7.  A similar term is environment.

 

Implementation Guide

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